Hong et al. (2014). Quantities, composition, and sources of beach debris in Korea from the results o
Quantities, composition, and sources of beach debris in Korea from the results of nationwide monitoring
Sunwook Hong, Jongmyoung* Lee, Daeseok Kang, Hyun-Woo Choi, Sun-Hwa Ko
This study assessed the levels of marine debris pollution and identified its main sources in Korea. The surveys were bimonthly conducted by NGO leaders and volunteers on 20 beaches from March 2008 to November 2009. The quantities of marine debris were estimated at 480.9 (±267.7) count 100 m1 for number, 86.5 (±78.6) kg 100 m1 for weight, and 0.48 (±0.38) m3 100 m1 for volume. The level of marine debris pollution on the Korean beaches was comparable to that in the coastal areas of the North Atlantic ocean and South Africa. Plastics and styrofoam occupied the majority of debris composition in terms of number (66.7%) and volume (62.3%). The main sources of debris were fishing activities including commercial fisheries and marine aquaculture (51.3%). Especially styrofoam buoy from aquaculture was the biggest contributor to marine debris pollution on these beaches.
Marine debris, Beach monitoring, Quantity, Composition, Source, Korea
Sunwook Hong, Jongmyoung Lee, Daeseok Kang, Hyun-Woo Choi, Sun-Hwa Ko (2014) Quantities, composition, and sources of beach debris in Korea from the results of nationwide monitoring. Marine Pollution Bulletin 84(1-2):27-34